WILD WEST EXPERIENCE
Bozeman Trail MarkerA granite marker is located south of the town of Big Horn. It indicates the location of a portion of this trail.
Garryowen, MontanaLocated approximately 65 miles north of Sheridan off I-90. Garryowen is the location of Sitting Bull’s village and the area of the Reno fighting area during the battle of the Little Bighorn. The routes of the Northern Cheyenne and Oglala Sioux in their attack on Custer are located near Garryowen. There is also a museum located there.
Crook’s CampsiteLocated at the corner of Dow and Lewis, the area where the Goose creeks unite is the location of General George Crook’s camp after having lodged near the Tongue River finding little grass for his horses. At the confluence of these two creeks, he found an abundance of “good grass, fine water and an ample supply of wood.” On June 14, 1876, the Crow and Shoshone joined his troops as allies. They moved north, as he had information that Crazy Horse had large villages camped along the Rosebud.
Rose BudLocation: Located approximately 30 miles northeast of Sheridan off Hwy 314. The 1876 Campaign of General George Crook was one of the best known military actions against the Plains Indians. Crook was camped where the Little and Big Goose creeks unite in Sheridan. It was here that he received word that there were large villages of Crazy Horse’s people camped on the Rosebud.
Connor Battlefield State Historic SiteLocated in Ranchester of I-90, this was the site of the Battle of Tongue River between the Army and the Arapahoe tribe. It was the single most important engagement of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, and caused the Arapaho to ally with the Sioux and Cheyenne at the Fetterman Fight a year later. The park has picnic areas, a playground, overnight camping facilities, fishing access as well as historic interpretations.
Ft. FettermanLocation: Twenty miles south of Sheridan December 21, 1866, a force of 3000 Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapahoe Indians ambushed a detachment of 81 men and officers under the command of Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Fetterman. This was the worst defeat experienced by the US Army during the Indian Wars until the defeat of Custer some ten years later.
Ft. Phil KearnyLocation: Twenty five miles south of Sheridan Fort Phil Kearny was one of three military posts established along the Bozeman Trail. This fort was built in 1866 as a cutoff from the Oregon Trail. Immigrants used this trail en route from Fort Laramie to the Montana gold fields. It was abandoned by the Army in 1868 under the terms of the Treaty of Fort Laramie in an effort to establish peace with the Indians, who under Red Cloud constantly harassed the garrison during its short existence. The military portion of the fort was 600 x 700 feet, surround by an eight foot stockade of heavy pine logs. As the Army abandoned this fort, the Indians burned it to the ground.